Oilseed crop productivity under salt stress

DOIResolve DOI: http://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4614-4747-4_9
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TypeBook Chapter
Book titleEcophysiology and Responses of Plants under Salt Stress
SubjectPlant breeding; Plant genetics; Plant physiology
AbstractAgricultural production around the world, especially where it mainly depends on irrigation, is confronted with serious challenges of coping with soil salinity conditions as well as saline irrigation water. Soil salinity is increasing regularly throughout the world and has become a great menace for agriculture. About 800 million hectares of the world land are salt-affected, of which 397 million hectares are saline and 434 million hectares sodic. Soil salinity adversely affects crop growth and productivity. In oilseed crops, salt stress affects both vegetative and reproductive growth stages by reducing growth, delaying the onset of flowering, reducing the quantum of reproductive structures and delaying the maturation processes, ultimately leading to diminished crop yield. Additionally, it affects production of several enzymes leading to the reduction of glycerides and modification of the fatty acid profile, important quality determinants of seed oil. Thus, salt stress has become a major factor affecting oilseed production worldwide. Here, we have reviewed the effects of salt stress on growth and productivity of oilseed crops. Additionally, different strategies employed by crop plants against salt stress as well as research reports describing genetic and transgenic approaches designed for improving plants ability to overcome salt stress are discussed.
Publication date
PublisherSpringer International Publishing
AffiliationAquatic and Crop Resource Development; National Research Council Canada
Peer reviewedYes
NPARC number23000578
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Record identifierff848714-46c9-44ba-96d5-bc46a96244e6
Record created2016-08-03
Record modified2016-08-03
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