Discrete laser spot transformation hardening of AISI O1 tool steel using pulsed Nd:YAG laser

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DOIResolve DOI: http://doi.org/10.1016/j.surfcoat.2011.05.016
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Journal titleSurface and Coatings Technology
Pages51565164; # of pages: 9
Subjectlaser hardening; transformation hardening; laser texturing; AISI O1 tool steel
AbstractDiscrete laser spot transformation hardening is a process that creates isolated laser hardening spots, usually distributed in a certain pattern, on a component surface, covering only a fraction of the surface region that is being treated. The process offers several unique advantages for tribological applications, including improved lubrication conditions and wear performance and increased productivity. However, very limited information is available on the appropriate selection of processing parameters to achieve optimal results. In this paper, discrete laser spot hardening of AISI O1 tool steel has been studied using a pulsed Nd:YAG laser. Effect of various laser processing parameters, including laser pulse energy, pulse duration and defocus distance, on characteristics of the laser treated spots are investigated. Maps are experimentally established for processing parameter selections in discrete laser pot transformation hardening of the AISI O1 tool steel. Results show that the maximum diameter and depth of transformation hardening zones with no surface melting increase with the increase of laser pulse energy. However, they are not markedly affected by laser pulse duration. On the other hand, longer pulse durations at a given pulse energy reduce the size of softening zone surrounding the central hardening zone and are thus more favourable for most practical applications. Short laser pulse durations below 8 ms tend to produce shallower hardening zones and are not recommended for wear applications.
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AffiliationNRC Industrial Materials Institute; National Research Council Canada
Peer reviewedYes
NPARC number19589003
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Record identifierf0bb07c8-caaf-4aa7-a7c9-b1201a95dbbd
Record created2012-03-03
Record modified2016-05-09
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