A new look at compartment fires, Parts I and II

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Journal titleFire Technology
IssueAug. & Nov.
Pages196217, 326-51
Subjectcombustion; cellulose based products; fire compartments; fire loads; fire resistance; fire spread; architectural design; Fire; combustion; produit cellulosique; compartiment coupe feu; charge d'incendie; resistance au feu; developpement du feu; amenagement (architecture)
AbstractIn this paper, an attempt has been made to arrange into a consistent theoretical framework the presently available knowledge concerning the decomposition and combustion of cellulosic materials in unconfined spaces and in compartments. The work was undertaken primarily to obtain a better insight into the phenomena that take place during compartment fires and thus, perhaps, to find design methods for minimizing structural fire damage. It has been proved that the use of fire-resistant elements for compartment boundaries may not be necessary at all to avoid possible serious structural damages. In fact, much more can be achieved by deliberate design, namely by finding the correct relations between fire load, compartment height and ventilation openings, than by the use of extra insulation on the key load-bearing components or by the installation of protective devices. The purpose of the paper was to examine the problem of compartment fires solely from the point of view of structural fire protection. The principal findings of the paper clearly point to the urgent need for reviewing the basic philosophy of fire protection of buildings.
Publication date
AffiliationNRC Institute for Research in Construction; National Research Council Canada
Peer reviewedNo
NRC number13333
NPARC number20374235
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Record identifiere852fbb6-fa5a-447f-b0a9-c7b9a62d1f8a
Record created2012-07-23
Record modified2016-05-09
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