Unbalance errors in guarded hot plate measurements

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Journal titleASTM Special Technical Publication
Pages3246; # of pages: 15
AbstractThe errors in thermal conductivity measurement in three different designs of guarded hot plate caused by small temperature differences (unbalances) between test area and guard ring are described. The dependence of these errors upon: (a) the magnitude and direction of the unbalance, (b) the size anddesign of heater plate, (c) the conductivity and thickness of the specimens tested, and (d) the temperature difference between hot and cold plates is investigated. The percentage error in measured conductivity is shown to increase as the conductivity of the specimens tested decreases. Errors as high as 6 per cent were obtained even when the ASTM balance requirement was satisfied. There are two constants for any heater plate which determine its error sensitivity to unbalance. If these constants are known, the maximum tolerableunbalance required to achieve any desired accuracy in measured conductivity may be calculated. The experimental determination of these constants, involving a minimum of two tests on each of two sets of specimens of different conductivity, is described.
Publication date
AffiliationNRC Institute for Research in Construction; National Research Council Canada
Peer reviewedNo
NRC number4450
NPARC number20378781
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Record identifiere3d24ac4-8e8a-4199-a556-77f6ca10b4ef
Record created2012-07-24
Record modified2016-05-09
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