Sorption and thermal properties of insulating mortars with expanded and vitrified small ball (EVSB)

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Journal titleASTM Journal of Testing and Evaluation
Pages132; # of pages: 32
Subjectexpanded vitrified small hollow balls, expanded perlite particles, thermal insulating mortar, hygroscopic sorption properties, pore structure characteristics; Insulation
AbstractExpanded vitrified small hollow ball (EVSB), made from a special type of perlite mineral is one of the recently developed materials in China. It is widely used as a cementitious thermal insulating mortar for building envelope construction in hot-humid areas of southern China. However, EVSB is a porous material sensitive to environmental moisture. The thermal insulating property of the EVSB mortar is dependent on its moisture transport and storage characteristics. In this study, hygroscopic sorption properties of EVSB mortars have been investigated, in comparison with those of normal expanded perlite particle (NEPP) mortars. The BET specific surface area and the BJH pore size distribution, as well as the SEM micro-morphologies of the mortars were assessed. It was observed that EVSB mortars had lower moisture sorption capacity than NEPP mortars when the relative humidity (RH) was higher than 70% because of its lower total pore volume. The addition of water-repellent admixtures in the mortar decreased the moisture sorption capacity of EVSB mortars but still maintains the same physisorption isothermal characteristics. It is also evident that the thermal conductivity values of both NEPP and EVSB mortars increased rapidly when RH is above 90%. However, the increase rate of thermal conductivity of NEPP mortars was apparently higher than that of EVSB mortars. It is hoped that finding from this study will help to develop a better understanding of the in-situ thermal performance of EVSB mortar used for the building envelope construction in hot and humid areas of southern China.
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AffiliationNRC Institute for Research in Construction; National Research Council Canada
Peer reviewedYes
NRC number54004
NPARC number20374141
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Record identifiere143b7d3-be9d-4cb6-8af8-dd3aa30a6d4d
Record created2012-07-23
Record modified2016-05-09
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