Understanding the effect of secondary structure on molecular interactions of poly-l-lysine with different substrates by SFA

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DOIResolve DOI: http://doi.org/10.1021/bm400837t
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Journal titleBiomacromolecules
Pages34983508; # of pages: 11
SubjectBiomaterial surfaces; Derjaguin-Landau-Verwey-Overbeek theories; Engineered materials; Interaction mechanisms; Nonspecific adsorption; Secondary structure of proteins; Secondary structures; Surface forces apparatus; Atomic force microscopy; Hydrogen bonds; Mica; Molecular interactions; Polyethylene glycols; Polyethylene oxides; Quartz; Gold; macrogol; alpha helix; atomic force microscopy; beta sheet; circular dichroism; concentration (parameters); protein interaction
AbstractNonspecific adsorption of proteins on biomaterial surfaces challenges the widespread application of engineered materials, and understanding the impact of secondary structure of proteins and peptides on their adsorption process is of both fundamental and practical importance in bioengineering. In this work, poly-l-lysine (PLL)-based α-helices and β-sheets were chosen as a model system to investigate the effect of secondary structure on peptide interactions with substrates of various surface chemistries. Circular dichroism (CD) was used to confirm the presence of both α-helix and β-sheet structured PLL in aqueous solutions and upon adsorption to quartz, where these secondary structures seemed to be preserved. Atomic force microscopy (AFM) imaging showed different surface patterns for adsorbed α-helix and β-sheet PLL. Interactions between PLL of different secondary structures and various substrates (i.e., PLL, Au, mica, and poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG)) were directly measured using a surface forces apparatus (SFA). It was found that β-sheet PLL films showed higher adsorbed layer thicknesses in general. Adhesion energies of β-sheet versus Au and β-sheet versus β-sheet were considerably higher than that of α-helix versus Au and α-helix versus α-helix systems, respectively. Au and β-sheet PLL interactions seemed to be more dependent on the salt concentration than that of α-helix, while the presence of a grafted PEG layer greatly diminished any attraction with either PLL structure. The molecular interaction mechanism of peptide in different secondary structures is discussed in terms of Derjaguin-Landau-Verwey-Overbeek (DLVO) theory, Alexander-de Gennes (AdG) steric model and hydrogen bonding, which provides important insight into the fundamental understanding of the interaction mechanism between proteins and biomaterials. © 2013 American Chemical Society.
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AffiliationNational Research Council Canada (NRC-CNRC); Security and Disruptive Technologies
Peer reviewedYes
NPARC number21271785
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Record identifiere01860f3-9cda-4897-9bc9-125102996819
Record created2014-04-17
Record modified2016-05-09
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