Melting and glass transitions in paraffinic and naphthenic oils

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Journal titleThermochimica Acta
IssueJanuary 2
Pages132140; # of pages: 9
Subjectdifferential scanning calorimetry (DSC); modulated differential scanning calorimetry (MDSC); hydrocarbons; naphthenic oils; paraffinic oils; bitumen; cold crystallization; enthalpy relaxation; melting; glass transition temperature; Roads/Pavement; Roads
AbstractNaphthenic and paraffinic oils were analyzed by modulated differential scanning calorimetry (MDSC). The results showed several improvements in the analysis of thermal properties when compared with standard DSC. The glass transition temperature (Tg), the enthalpy relaxation at Tg, and the melting endotherms could be deconvoluted, and reversible melting could be identified. This allowed for an easier interpretation of the thermal properties of the oils. With MDSC, the Tgs in mineral oils were found to coincide with endothermic enthalpy relaxation, which is generally regarded as a melting endotherm with standard DSC. A decrease in heat capacity after Tg was attributed to the existence of rigid amorphous material. From Äcp at Tg and the oil molecular weight, the number of repeat units in the oil chains was estimated at less than 20. The Tg of a hypothetical pure aromatic oil was found to be similar to that for petroleum asphaltenes, and that for a naphthenic oil of infinite molecular weight to be similar to that of petroleum resins.
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AffiliationNRC Institute for Research in Construction; National Research Council Canada
Peer reviewedYes
NRC number47736
NPARC number20378275
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Record identifierdf4ec3e8-044d-4416-b91e-2d4633c76e8f
Record created2012-07-24
Record modified2016-05-09
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