Mg-25 ultra-high field solid state NMR spectroscopy and first principles calculations of magnesium compounds

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Journal titlePhysical Chemistry Chemical Physics
Pages1148711500; # of pages: 13
Subjectspectroscopy; ultrahigh; NMR spectra; magnesium; crystal structure; diamagnetic compounds; anisotropy
AbstractDue to sensitivity problems, (25)Mg remains a largely under-explored nucleus in solid state NMR spectroscopy. In this work at an ultrahigh magnetic field of 21.1 T, we have studied at natural abundance the (25)Mg solid state (SS) NMR spectra for a number of previously unreported magnesium compounds with known crystal structures. Some previously reported compounds have been revisited to clarify the spectra that were obtained at lower fields and were either not sufficiently resolved, or misinterpreted. First principles calculations of the (25)Mg SS NMR parameters have been carried out using plane wave basis sets and periodic boundary conditions (CASTEP) and the results are compared with experimental data. The calculations produce the (25)Mg absolute shielding scale and give us insight into the relationship between the NMR and structural parameters. At 21.1 T the effects of the quadrupolar interactions are reduced significantly and the sensitivity and accuracy in determining chemicals shifts and quadrupole coupling parameters improve dramatically. Although T(1) measurements were not performed explicitly, these proved to be longer than assumed in much of the previously reported work. We demonstrate that the chemical shift range of magnesium in diamagnetic compounds may approach 200 ppm. Most commonly, however, the observed shifts are between -15 and +25 ppm. Quadrupolar effects dominate the (25)Mg spectra of magnesium cations in non-cubic environments. The chemical shift anisotropy appears to be rather small and only in a few cases could the contribution of the CSA be detected reliably. A good correspondence between the calculated shielding constants and experimental chemical shifts was obtained, demonstrating the good potential of computational methods in spectroscopic assignments of solid state (25)Mg NMR spectroscopy.
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AffiliationNational Research Council Canada (NRC-CNRC); NRC Steacie Institute for Molecular Sciences
Peer reviewedYes
NPARC number16181447
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Record identifierd97c622a-82eb-4ad6-b1e6-ba380a2e4ece
Record created2010-12-13
Record modified2016-05-09
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