Creep of model piles in frozen soil

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Journal titleCanadian Geotechnical Journal
Pages6977; # of pages: 9
SubjectPermafrost; Soils; creep; frozen soils; pile foundations; Sol; fluage; sol gele; fondation sur pieux
AbstractPreliminary results of laboratory studies on the behaviour of model piles of wood, concrete, and steel, having different surface finishes, embedded in artificially frozen sand and subject to constant loads, are reported in this paper. The displacement rate gamma was found to vary with the applied stress tau[f], according to a steady state creep equation of the type gamma is approximately equal to (tau[ f])[n], as found for other viscoelastic materials such as metals at high temperature. The value of the exponent n varied between 6.7 and 9.1 for various types of piles. The results agreed favourably with field data obtained from pile pull-out tests carried out at Gillam and Thompson, Manitoba. The value of n from Gillam and Thompson tests, 8. 05 and 7.5, respectively, were within the range of the present experimental values. Comparison with pile pull-out tests carried out in ice, and theoretical predictions for ice showed that the value of the exponent n was much larger for frozen soil than for ice. The bearing capacity at a particular displacement rate was also found to be almost an order of magnitude larger in frozen soil than in ice.
Publication date
AffiliationNRC Institute for Research in Construction; National Research Council Canada
Peer reviewedYes
NRC number17236
NPARC number20375976
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Record identifierd41221ab-aec3-4093-9653-b2544f659374
Record created2012-07-23
Record modified2016-05-09
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