Discovery of new magnetic early-B stars within the MiMeS HARPSpol survey

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Journal titleAstronomy and Astrophysics
Article numberA28
SubjectMagnetic fields; Magnetosphere; Analysis techniques; Internal structure; Longitudinal fields; Spectral anomalies; Spectropolarimeters; Stars: chemically peculiar; Stars: magnetic field; Stars: massive; Stars
AbstractContext. The Magnetism in Massive Stars (MiMeS) project aims at understanding the origin of the magnetic fields in massive stars as well as their impact on stellar internal structure, evolution, and circumstellar environment. Aims. One of the objectives of the MiMeS project is to provide stringent observational constraints on the magnetic fields of massive stars; however, identification of magnetic massive stars is challenging, as only a few percent of high-mass stars host strong fields detectable with the current instrumentation. Hence, one of the first objectives of the MiMeS project was to search for magnetic objects among a large sample of massive stars, and to build a sub-sample for in-depth follow-up studies required to test the models and theories of fossil field origins, magnetic wind confinement and magnetospheric properties, and magnetic star evolution. Methods. We obtained high-resolution spectropolarimetric observations of a large number of OB stars thanks to three large programs (LP) of observations that have been allocated on the high-resolution spectropolarimeters ESPaDOnS, Narval, and the polarimetric module HARPSpol of the HARPS spectrograph. We report here on the methods and first analysis of the HARPSpol magnetic detections. We identified the magnetic stars using a multi-line analysis technique. Then, when possible, we monitored the new discoveries to derive their rotation periods, which are critical for follow-up and magnetic mapping studies. We also performed a first-look analysis of their spectra and identified obvious spectral anomalies (e.g., surface abundance peculiarities, Hα emission), which are also of interest for future studies. Results. In this paper, we focus on eight of the 11 stars in which we discovered or confirmed a magnetic field from the HARPSpol LP sample (the remaining three were published in a previous paper). Seven of the fields were detected in early-type Bp stars, while the last field was detected in the Ap companion of a normal early B-type star. We report obvious spectral and multiplicity properties, as well as our measurements of their longitudinal field strengths, and their rotation periods when we are able to derive them. We also discuss the presence or absence of Hα emission with respect to the theory of centrifugally-supported magnetospheres.
Publication date
PublisherEDP Sciences
AffiliationNational Research Council Canada; National Science Infrastructure
Peer reviewedYes
NPARC number21272738
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Record identifierc0f802d9-ed5e-47b0-828a-32509c6e32bc
Record created2014-12-03
Record modified2016-05-09
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