Durability design of high-performance concrete bridge decks using fine lightweight aggregate and shrinkage-reducing admixture

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Proceedings titleThe Economics, Performance and Sustainability of Internally Cured Concrete (ACI Fall Session)
Series titleACI Special Publication
ConferenceACI Fall Convention: The Economics, Performance and Sustainability of Internally Cured Concrete, Oct 21, 2012, Toronto, Ontario
Subjectbridge decks; high-performance concrete; internal curing; lightweight aggregate; shrinkage-reducing admixture; durability; service life prediction; life-cycle cost analysis
AbstractHighway bridges and parking structures, subject to coupled effects of mechanical loads and corrosion, often show early signs of distress such as concrete cracking and rebar corrosion leading to reduced structural performance and shortened service life. One solution to this problem is to use low-shrinkage low-permeability high-performance concrete (HPC) for bridge decks exposed to de-icing salts and severe loading conditions. A new HPC was formulated to achieve low shrinkage and low permeability, high early-strength, and 28-day compressive strength over 60 MPa (8,700 psi). Its mechanical performance and durability were tested both in the lab and field under severe test conditions, including restrained shrinkage, cycling loading, freezing and thawing cycles, and application of de-icing salts. Prediction models were developed and calibrated to predict structural performance and service life of concrete bridge decks under severe exposure conditions. Prediction models indicate that bridge decks designed with low-shrinkage HPC can achieve a service life up to 100 years. Compared to normal concrete decks, short-to-medium span bridge decks using low-shrinkage HPC could be built at a comparable initial construction cost, but at less than 35 percent of the life-cycle cost.
Publication date
PublisherAmerican Concrete Institute
AffiliationNational Research Council Canada; Construction
Peer reviewedYes
NRC numberNRC-CONST-53259
NPARC number21268326
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Record identifierb82228d0-bc81-4963-8e74-a10f2caae11b
Record created2013-06-20
Record modified2017-05-31
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