Process planning for Floor machining of 2½D pockets based on a morphed spiral tool path pattern

  1. Get@NRC: Process planning for Floor machining of 2½D pockets based on a morphed spiral tool path pattern (Opens in a new window)
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Journal titleComputers & Industrial Engineering
Pages971979; # of pages: 9
AbstractThis work proposes a process planning for machining of a Floor which is the most prominent elemental machining feature in a 2½D pocket. Traditionally, the process planning of 2½D pocket machining is posed as stand-alone problem involving either tool selection, tool path generation or machining parameter selection, resulting in sub-optimal plans. For this reason, the tool path generation and feed selection is proposed to be integrated with an objective of minimizing machining time under realistic cutting force constraints for given pocket geometry and cutting tool. A morphed spiral tool path consisting of G1 continuous biarc and arc spline is proposed as a possible tool path generation strategy with the capability of handling islands in pocket geometry. Proposed tool path enables a constant feed rate and consistent cutting force during machining in typical commercial CNC machine tool. The constant feed selection is based on the tool path and cutting tool geometries as well as dynamic characteristics of mechanical structure of the machine tool to ensure optimal machining performance. The proposed tool path strategy is compared with those generated by commercial CAM software. The calculated tool path length and measured dry machining time show considerable advantage of the proposed tool path. For optimal machining parameter selection, the feed per tooth is iteratively optimized with a pre-calibrated cutting force model, under a cutting force constraint to avoid tool rupture. The optimization result shows around 32% and 40% potential improvement in productivity with one and two feed rate strategies respectively.
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AffiliationNational Research Council Canada
Peer reviewedYes
NPARC number21268192
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Record identifierb5b02c8f-3e79-4d62-8450-e2d8a57026df
Record created2013-05-28
Record modified2016-05-09
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