Pgp-positive leukaemic cells have increased mtDNA but no increased rate of proliferation

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Journal titleBritish Journal of Haematology
Pages861869; # of pages: 9
Subjectmitochondrial DNA; infrared spectroscopy; leukaemia; P-glycoprotein; proliferation
AbstractCells of solid tumours tend to rely on glycolysis for energy. On the other hand, increased glycolysis in solid tumour cells expressing the multidrug resistance protein MDR-1 has been associated with increased malignancy in tumours. We have previously shown that cells of the MDR-1-positive CEM/VLB100 leukaemic cell line have increased mitochondrial electron transport chain (mtETC) activity compared with parental CEM cells. In the present study we used infrared (IR) spectroscopy to demonstrate that the mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) content in the CEM/VLB100 cell line was significantly increased compared to that in the parental CEM cells. The increase in mtDNA was not accompanied by an increase in mitochondrial protein as both lipid and protein levels were decreased in CEM/VLB100 mitochondria. The ATP content was similar in these two cell lines. However, the ATP-dependent membrane efflux pump function in CEM/VLB100 cells was significantly reduced when mitochondrial ATP synthesis was inhibited by oligomycin, a specific inhibitor of mitochondrial F0F1-ATPase. Proliferation of CEM/VLB100 cells was significantly decreased compared to parental CEM cells, and was independent of p53 expression. Thus, we conclude that: (1) IR spectroscopy is a potential powerful technique for detecting mtDNA, protein and lipid contents simultaneously; (2) leukaemic cells mainly rely on mtDNA for energy; (3) increased expression of an ATP-dependent membrane efflux pump such as Pgp may up-regulate ATP generation and mtDNA content. These metabolic perturbations may exist merely to serve the efflux pump and do not result in an increase in leukaemic cell proliferation. In addition, the associated reduction in mitochondrial lipid and protein may contribute to sensitize the cells to cytochrome c release.
Publication date
PublisherBlackwell Science Ltd.
AffiliationNRC Institute for Biodiagnostics; National Research Council Canada
Peer reviewedYes
NRC number1792
NPARC number9148091
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Record identifieraca2b461-17d2-4a95-9df4-48c9348b59dd
Record created2009-06-25
Record modified2016-10-13
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