The graphite furnace and its role in atomic spectroscopy

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Journal titleFresenius' Journal of Analytical Chemistry
Pages425432; # of pages: 8
AbstractThe diversity of applications of the graphite furnace is extraordinary, encompassing the fields of physics, thermochemistry, spectroscopy and analytical chemistry. In this respect, the graphite furnace has been used on a continuous basis as a research tool for nearly a century. Following its introduction as an atomization source for atomic absorption spectrometry by L’vov in 1959, its role in atomic spectrometry expanded considerably to encompass analytical applications in emision, fluorescence, absorption and mass spectrometry. In addition to its conspicuous use as an atomization source in these areas, it is frequently employed as a vaporizer when used in the format of combined and tandem sources with other instrumentation. The unique physico-chemical micro-environment which can be attained within the graphite furnace has also been used to advantage in a number of investigations, including the determination of gas- and solid-phase diffusion coefficients of high-temperature metal vapours, the heats of sublimation of refractory metals, fundamental optical constants and the measurement of the heats of desorption of adatoms from high-temperature surfaces. The range of such applications remains to be more fully explored. The attractive features of this source, viz., the high atomization/vaporization efficiency, comparatively long atomic vapour residence times, controllable chemical and thermal environment and its ability to handle high dissolved solids content samples (≤100%) serve to ensure its place in analytical atomic spectroscopy for years to come.
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AffiliationNRC Institute for National Measurement Standards; National Research Council Canada
Peer reviewedYes
NRC number1275
NPARC number8896907
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Record identifiera830ced6-a13c-44cb-94b1-23c9060ac23e
Record created2009-04-22
Record modified2017-03-23
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