Movement of people in building evacuations

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Journal titleCommunity Development Series
Pages281292; # of pages: 12
Subjectemergency exits; high rise buildings; human behaviour; building codes; construction elevee; comportement humain; code du batiment
AbstractMovement of people on exit stairs and other egress facilities has been documented in evacuation drills of high- rise office buildings and in the course of normal egress movement in other buildings. Crowd densities, speeds, and flows are described. The findings raise questions about concepts and specific design rules for exit facilities now given in codes and design guides. More realistic predictions of evacuation time are proposed for conventional total evacuations. Other more selective forms of evacuation, to be workable, require greater concern for new building equipment systems and operating procedures. The need for information concerning human behavioral factors is stressed.
Publication date
PublisherDowsen, Hutchinson and Ross, Stroudsburg, PA., Publ., D.J. Conway, Ed.
AffiliationNRC Institute for Research in Construction; National Research Council Canada
Peer reviewedYes
NRC number16253
NPARC number20374862
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Record identifiera41633ad-7943-45f2-9d38-31d10215340f
Record created2012-07-23
Record modified2016-05-09
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