Introgression of Brassica rapa subsp. sylvestris blackleg resistance into B. napus

  1. Get@NRC: Introgression of Brassica rapa subsp. sylvestris blackleg resistance into B. napus (Opens in a new window)
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Journal titleMolecular Breeding
Pages14951506; # of pages: 12
SubjectBrassica napus; Brassica rapa; Leptosphaeria maculans; molecular mapping; marker-assisted selectio
AbstractBlackleg, caused by Leptosphaeria maculans, is one of the most economically important diseases of Brassica napus worldwide. Two blackleg resistance genes, LepR1 and LepR2, from B. rapa subsp. sylvestris (BRS) were previously identified. To transfer LepR1 and LepR2 from BRS into B. napus, interspecific hybridizations were made between the two species to form allotriploids. Analysis of microsatellite markers in two BC1 populations, WT3BC1 and WT4BC1, indicated that segregation fit a 1:1 ratio for BRS and non-BRS alleles on the A-genome linkage groups N2 and N10, the locations of LepR1 and LepR2, respectively. However, recombination frequencies in the allotriploid BC1 populations were at least twice those in the amphidiploid. The number of C-genome chromosomes in the BC1 plants was determined through marker analysis, which indicated averages of 5.9 and 5.0 per plant in the WT3BC1 and WT4BC1 populations, respectively. Two L. maculans isolates, WA51 and pl87-41, were used to differentiate plants carrying resistance genes LepR1 and LepR2. Surprisingly, only 4.0 and 16.6 % of the plants were resistant to isolates WA51 and pl87-41, respectively, in the WT3BC1 population, while 17.9 and 33.3 % of the plants were resistant to these isolates, respectively, in the WT4BC1 population. No association of resistance to isolate WA51 or pl87-41 with linkage group N2 or N10 was found. Based on cotyledon resistance and marker-assisted selection (MAS), BC1 plant WT4-4, which carried a resistance gene similar to LepR1, herein designated LepR1′, and BC2S1 plant WT3-21-25-9, which carried LepR2′, were identified. These plants were successively backcrossed with B. napus and MAS was employed in each generation to reduce non-resistance alleles associated with the BRS genome and to recover the full complement of C-genome chromosomes, resulting in highly blackleg-resistant B. napus lines.
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AffiliationAquatic and Crop Resource Development; National Research Council Canada
Peer reviewedYes
NRC number55457
NPARC number21268392
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Record identifier97221fd0-4a42-4ef3-9032-778bfdcb34ba
Record created2013-07-09
Record modified2016-05-09
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