Occupant behaviour and evacuation

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ConferenceProceedings of the 9th International Fire Protection Symposium: 25 May 2001, Munich, Germany
Pages219232; # of pages: 14
SubjectFire alarm response
AbstractToday most buildings are equipped with adequate fire safety systems. Never the less fires still occur, even fatal fires. During a fire, problems frequently arise because systems were put in place with false expectations regarding how occupants actually behave during fires. The observation that occupants tend to ignore the sound of the fire alarm in large public buildings such as shopping centres, museums or airports, continuing their normal activities should be taken into account. In office buildings, well designed fire doors have failed to fulfill their role because occupants have installed door stops to facilitate free movement in the everyday use of the building; thus in the event of a fire, the doors stay open. Many of these problems could be foreseen if more attention were given to human behaviour in fire. In addition, there are a number of other factors that could have an impact on occupant response and behaviour. These factors are related to theoccupants? characteristics, the building characteristics and the fire characteristics. Consideration should be given to the interplay of these factors to gain a better understanding of human behaviour in fire and to improve the design and implementation of fire safety systems in buildings.
Publication date
AffiliationNRC Institute for Research in Construction; National Research Council Canada
Peer reviewedYes
NRC number44983
NPARC number20378911
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Record identifier9250f762-18d4-4b92-adae-427911d09719
Record created2012-07-24
Record modified2016-05-09
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