Effects of stratification on locally lean, near-stoichiometric, and rich iso-octane/air turbulent V-flames

  1. Get@NRC: Effects of stratification on locally lean, near-stoichiometric, and rich iso-octane/air turbulent V-flames (Opens in a new window)
DOIResolve DOI: http://doi.org/10.1016/j.combustflame.2015.07.047
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Journal titleCombustion and Flame
SubjectStratified combustion; Partially premixed; Heat release rate; Turbulent combustion; V-flame; Equivalence ratio gradient; Back-support
AbstractThe effects of partial premixing on locally rich, near-stoichiometric, and lean flame regions were investigated in stratified, iso-octane/air turbulent V-flames by varying the mean equivalence ratio gradient along the exit plane of a rectangular slot burner. Instantaneous heat release rate (HRR) images were obtained from the product of spatially registered, near-simultaneously acquired OH and CH2O planar laser induced fluorescence (PLIF) images. HRR data were analyzed within a region of interest (ROI) that was determined from separate 3-pentanone tracer PLIF measurements. The ROI was unique to each gradient flame setting, and was configured to ensure the mean range of equivalence ratios being analyzed was constant among gradient conditions. This allowed distinction of the effects of mean equivalence ratio gradient at the flame front from effects associated with having different ranges of equivalence ratios within the flame zone.Individual flame realizations were studied for differences in the local peak HRR and instantaneous flame thickness δt as they varied with curvature among gradient conditions. While general trends for the fully-premixed cases were consistent with Lewis number theory, subtle changes in the normalized distribution of local peak HRR vs. curvature were observed for locally rich and locally lean flames propagating in different mean ϕ gradients. Negligible changes were observed for near-stoichiometric flames, suggesting that gradient effects may influence the local thermodiffusive stability of off-stoichiometric mixtures more significantly.Ensemble averages of individual peak HRR and δt values within each ROI were separately evaluated, and differences among gradient conditions were greater than those observed for the normalized distributions with curvature. For all flame settings considered, an increase in either of the peak HRR or δt led to a decrease in the other. Gradient effects were observed when comparing back- and front-supported locally rich flames, which experienced opposite changes in peak HRR of +10.1% and -5.2% for gradient settings ∂ϕ/∂y=-0.014mm-1 and ∂ϕ/∂y=0.012mm-1 respectively, coupled with a thinning and thickening of δt of -7.2% and +2.4%. Similar but weaker trends were observed for near-stoichiometric flame regions, with a decrease in peak HRR of up to -3.5% and a thickening up to +2.8% for the steepest gradient ∂ϕ/∂y=0.029mm-1. Locally lean flames showed small increases in peak HRR of up to +3.8%, and decreases in δt of up to -2.1% for back-supported gradient case ∂ϕ/∂y=0.024mm-1, however, variations were not as significant as those observed for back-supported rich flame regions of equivalent gradients. The presented results show that mean gradients of equivalence ratio can alter the local characteristics of partially premixed flames. Through subtle differences in the local distribution of peak HRR with curvature, more pronounced variations in the magnitude of the mean local peak HRR and δt, and opposing effects in both peak HRR and δt for back- and front-supported rich flames, the data reveal the specific influence of equivalence ratio gradients in experiments where the mean range of equivalence ratios in the analysis region is fixed.
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AffiliationEnergy, Mining and Environment; National Research Council Canada
Peer reviewedYes
NPARC number21276946
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Record identifier8908eec8-e7ad-4321-88ab-f6890bf2abe2
Record created2015-11-10
Record modified2016-05-09
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