Petahertz optical oscilloscope

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Journal titleNature Photonics
Pages958962; # of pages: 5
AbstractThe time-dependent field of an electromagnetic pulse can be measured if there is a fast enough gate. For terahertz radiation, femtosecond photoinjection of free carriers into a semiconductor in the presence of the terahertz radiation can serve as the gate1. For visible or infrared radiation, attosecond photoionization of a gas target in the presence of the optical field is a direct analogue2–8. Here, we show that nonlinear optical mixing9–13 in a medium in which attosecond pulses are being generated can also be used to measure the time-dependent field of an optical pulse. The gate is the phase accumulated by the recollision electron during the subcycle time interval between ionization and recombination. We show that the instantaneous field of an unknown pulse is imprinted onto the deflection of the attosecond extreme ultraviolet pulse using an all-optical set-up with a bandwidth up to 1 PHz.
Publication date
AffiliationSecurity and Disruptive Technologies; National Research Council Canada
Peer reviewedYes
NPARC number21270338
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Record identifier83e82449-d2f5-4ced-bef7-9f2c3bf6135e
Record created2014-01-30
Record modified2016-05-09
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