Building evacuation and other fire-safety measures: some research results and their application to building design, operation, and regulation

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Pages147168; # of pages: 22
Subjectfire safety; human behavior; emergency exits; exit drills; stairs; fire escapes; Human behaviour; securite incendie; comportement humain; sortie de secours; exercise d'evacuation; escalier; escalier de secours
AbstractThe hazard to life safety from fire in high-rise buildings has been widely publicized. In Canada, several aspects of the problem have been studied and results applied to building design, operation, and regulations. One aspect, that of human behavior in fire emergencies, is under study at the Division of Building Research where detailed observations of 40 evacuation exercises in high-rise office buildings have been made. Observation techniques have been developed and the usefulness of questionnaires has been tested. Preliminary information describes the nature of evacuation movement on exit stairways, behavior in fire emergencies, and the use of exit stairways in the normal building occupancy. Some results suggest the need for specific changes in building code requirements and other design and operational considerations.
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AffiliationNRC Institute for Research in Construction; National Research Council Canada
Peer reviewedNo
NRC number14708
NPARC number20373916
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Record identifier780025dc-dc86-4938-a53f-3cb2be6b05d0
Record created2012-07-23
Record modified2016-05-09
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