Roles of dimerization domain residues in binding and catalysis by aminoacylase-1

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Pages1564515651; # of pages: 7
SubjectBiotechnology; crystal structure; Dimerization; Human; Kinetics; Mutagenesis; pha
AbstractThe aminoacylase-1/metallopeptidase 20 (Acy1/M20) family is the largest metallopeptidase family. Several crystal structures feature a metal-binding and a dimerization-mediating domain, both arranged in an extended open conformation. We have recently shown [Lindner et al. (2003) J. Biol. Chem. 278, 44496-44504] that in human Acy1 the invariant residues Glu147 and His206 from the metal-binding and the dimerization domain, respectively, are recruited to the active site from opposite dimer subunits. We hypothesized that, to facilitate this, formation of the binary complex is associated with domain closure, which would also position additional residues in the functional active site of Acy1. These would include two partially conserved dimerization domain residues: an asparagine (Asn263) and an arginine (Arg276) from the same subunit as His206 and Glu147, respectively. In this paper, we investigate the significance of the three dimerization domain residues of human Acy1 His206, Asn263, and Arg276 and, additionally, the nearby Asp274 for catalysis using site-directed mutagenesis. Enzyme complementation assays confirm the putative subunit allocations of these residues, and steady-state kinetics support roles for all of them in catalysis but only involve the Arg276 in substrate-binding. The results are consistent with a model of the closed conformation for the structure of the related enzyme carboxypeptidase G2. This study demonstrates experimentally for the first time for a member of the Acy1/M20 family that several residues outside of the metal-binding domain are involved in binding and catalysis
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AffiliationNRC Biotechnology Research Institute; National Research Council Canada
Peer reviewedNo
NRC number47483
NPARC number3539765
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Record identifier75d20fac-7069-4aa5-a607-12b468f2e77f
Record created2009-03-01
Record modified2016-05-09
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