Structure and thermotropic phase behavior of potassium carboxylate ionomers

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Journal titleJournal of Molecular Structure
Pages133141; # of pages: 9
AbstractA molecular complex is formed between long-chain carboxylic acids and their alkali salts in a 1 : 1 mixture. These so-called “acid soaps” or carboxylate ionomers have multilamellar bilayer-type structures in solid state, which are retained in the presence of excess water, resembling the dispersions (gels) formed by typical two-chain amphiphiles, e.g. lipids. The special arrangement of hydrogen-bonded pairs of carboxylic acid and carboxylate groups into a unique “head-group” is supported by frequency shifts and partial or total disappearance of the characteristic vibrations of carboxylic acid dimers and of carboxylate groups. The existence of well-ordered hydrocarbon chains is demonstrated by the existence and polarization properties of the methylene rocking and wagging propagation modes. The gel to liquid-crystal phase transition of the hydrated acid soaps shows practically no cation dependence, unlike the corresponding phase transition in neutral soaps which varies considerably with the nature of the counterion. There is spectroscopic evidence to suggest a cooperative process that involves “melting” of the alkyl chains and disintegration of the hydrogen-bonded carboxylate—carboxylic acid complex, followed by a cation-dependent equilibrium that favors the formation of acid dimers at elevated temperatures and some form of hydrogen-bonded ion pair aggregates at intermediate temperatures.
Publication date
PublisherElsevier Science B.V.
AffiliationNRC Institute for Biodiagnostics; National Research Council Canada
Peer reviewedYes
NRC number71
NPARC number9148333
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Record identifier6408dd14-2d51-4868-a05c-31fa69d90396
Record created2009-06-25
Record modified2016-12-08
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