An update on novel non-invasive approaches for periodontal diagnosis

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Journal titleJournal of Periodontology
Pages186198; # of pages: 13
SubjectDiagnosis; microscopy, acoustic; optics and photonics; periodontitis; spectroscopy, fourier transform infrared; tomography, optical coherence
AbstractFor decades there has been an ongoing search for clinically acceptable methods for the accurate, non-invasive diagnosis and prognosis of periodontitis. There are several well-known inherent drawbacks with current clinical procedures. The purpose of this review is to summarize some of the newly emerging diagnostic approaches, namely, infrared spectroscopy, optical coherence tomography (OCT), and ultrasound. The history and attractive features of these new approaches are briefly illustrated, and the interesting and significant inventions related to dental applications are discussed. The particularly attractive aspects for the dental community are that some of these methods are totally non-invasive, do not impose any discomforts to the patients during the procedure, and require no tissue to be extracted. For instance, multiple inflammatory indices withdrawn from near infrared spectra have the potential to identify early signs of inflammation leading to tissue breakdown. Morphologically, some other non-invasive imaging modalities, such as OCT and ultrasound, could be employed to accurately measure probing depths and assess the status of periodontal attachment, the front-line of disease progression. Given that these methods reflect a completely different assessment of periodontal inflammation, if clinically validated, these methods could either replace traditional clinical examinations for the diagnosis of periodontitis or at least serve as attractive complementary diagnostic tools. However, the potential of these techniques should be interpreted more cautiously given the multifactorial character of periodontal disease. In addition to these novel tools in the field of periodontal inflammatory diseases, other alternative modalities like microbiologic and genetic approaches are only briefly mentioned in this review because they have been thoroughly discussed in other comprehensive reviews.
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AffiliationNRC Institute for Biodiagnostics; National Research Council Canada
Peer reviewedYes
NPARC number17673525
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Record identifier581ef268-5b52-4c49-829c-1044c72955a2
Record created2011-04-03
Record modified2016-05-09
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