Melt compounding of polypropylene-based clay nanocomposites

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Journal titlePolymer Engineering and Science
Pages14471458; # of pages: 12
AbstractPolypropylene (PP)-based nanocomposites containing 4 wt% maleic anhydride grafted PP (PP-g-MA) and 2 wt% Cloisite 20A (C20A) were prepared using various processing devices, viz., twin-screw extruder (TSE), single-screw extruder (SSE), and SSE with an extensional flow mixer (EFM). Two processing methods were employed: (I) masterbatch (MB) preparation in a TSE (with 10 wt% C20A and clay/compatibilizer ratio of 1:2), followed by dilution in TSE, SSE, or SSE + EFM, to 2 wt% clay loading; (II) single pass, i.e., directly compounding of dry-blended PP-g-MA/clay in TSE, SSE, or SSE + EFM. It has been indicated that the quality of clay dispersion, both at micro- and nanolevel, of the nanocomposites depends very much on the operating conditions during processing, such as mixing intensity and residence time, thus affecting the mechanical performance. Besides that the degradation of the organoclay and the matrix is also very sensitive to these parameters. According to results of X-ray diffraction, field emission gun scanning electron microscopy, transmission electron microscopy, and mechanical tests, the samples prepared with MB had better overall clay dispersion, which resulted in better mechanical properties. The processing equipment used for diluting MB had a marginal influence on clay dispersion and nanocomposite performance.
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AffiliationNational Research Council Canada (NRC-CNRC); NRC Industrial Materials Institute
Peer reviewedYes
NRC number53668
NPARC number15774990
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Record identifier507619c8-cd40-43b0-a66f-b150b1858b1a
Record created2010-07-06
Record modified2016-05-09
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