Effect of joint gap on Nd: YAG laser welded Ti-6Al-4V

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Proceedings titleICALEO 2009 Conference Proceedings
ConferenceICALEO 2009, International Congress on Applications od Lasers and Electro-Optics, November 2-5, 2009, Orlando, USA
Article number157
Pages16141623; # of pages: 10
AbstractConventionally, TIG, plasma arc, electron beam and CO2 laser welding have been used to join titanium alloys. To date, little has been reported on the weldability of titanium alloys using high power Nd: YAG lasers. This work reports on the effect of joint gap on the characteristics of 3.05-mm thick Ti-6Al-4V alloy welded using a 4 kW Nd: YAG laser. Examination of butt welded Ti-6Al-4V alloy indicated that full penetration is possible up to a joint gap of 0.5 mm. The main defects in the welds consisted of underfill and porosity. The application of filler wire during welding was observed to reduce the underfill defect. The porosity increased with increasing joint gap, although it remained less than 1% of the fusion zone area. The tensile properties seemed optimal at an intermediary gap size (0.2 - 0.3 mm), most likely due to a balance between underfill and porosity defects.
Publication date
AffiliationNRC Institute for Aerospace Research; National Research Council Canada
Peer reviewedYes
NPARC number21276310
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Record identifier4ed4b314-5c8f-4c94-b277-0ff9b9bb7619
Record created2015-10-01
Record modified2017-07-10
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