Hot tearing of aluminum-copper B206 alloys with iron and silicon additions

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Journal titleMaterials science and engineering
Pages74137423; # of pages: 11
SubjectAlloy; Aluminum; B206; Hot tearing; Intermetallics; Grain refining; Solidification; Aluminium; Crique de solidification; Intermétalliques; Affinage du grain
AbstractHot tearing of B206 aluminum alloys with additions of iron and silicon was studied with constrained mould casting (CRC) to investigate the combined effect of these additions on hot tear resistance. Susceptibility to hot tearing was found to increase gradually with iron content when the conditions were favorable to the formation of the β(FeCu) phase. Additions of silicon with a Fe/Si mass ratio ≤ 1 and high cooling rates, which together promote the α(MnFe) phase at the expense of the β(FeCu) phase, were found beneficial to the hot tearing resistance. Hot tearing sensitivity (HTS) of the alloys was evaluated with a new index defined to reflect the compliance of the torn specimens. This index showed a very good correlation with the Katgerman's hot tearing index (HCS), providing that one defines the temperature where inadequate feeding starts to be the temperature where 2% of the interdendritic volume is occupied by intermetallic phases. Examinations of the tear surfaces and profiles revealed that a premature crack opening created by insufficient healing correlates well the explanations based on the theoretical hot tearing index. The deleterious effect of iron on hot tearing was demonstrated on alloys having a coarse grain microstructure having Ti contents below or equal to 0.01 wt%. Above this limit, fine grain microstructures were obtained and the influence of iron was not strong enough to have a significant impact on the castings produced.
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AffiliationNational Research Council Canada; NRC Industrial Materials Institute
Peer reviewedYes
NRC number53428
NPARC number16602876
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Record identifier36391983-9674-42f6-b164-bb3ec8faccf6
Record created2011-02-20
Record modified2016-05-09
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