Control strategies and cycling demands for Li-ion storage batteries in residential micro-cogeneration systems

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Journal titleApplied Energy
Pages3241; # of pages: 10
SubjectCogeneration plants; Computer simulation; Digital storage; Electric batteries; Electric energy storage; Electric power supplies to apparatus; Energy utilization; Internal combustion engines; Ion engines; Ions; Lithium; Lithium alloys; Lithium compounds; Secondary batteries; Electrochemical modeling; Energy use; Lithium-ion battery; Residential micro cogenerations; Techno-economics; Lithium batteries; cogeneration; control system; demand-side management; electricity supply; electrochemical method; energy conservation; energy use; photovoltaic system
AbstractEnergy storage units have become important components in residential micro-cogeneration (MCG) systems. As MCG systems are often connected to single residences or buildings in a wide variety of settings, they are frequently unique and highly customized. Lithium-ion batteries have recently gained some profile as energy storage units of choice, because of their good capacity, high efficiency, robustness and ability to meet the demands of typical residential electrical loads. In the present work, modeled scenarios are explored which examine the performance of a MCG system with an internal combustion engine, photovoltaic input and a Li-ion storage battery. An electricity demand profile from new data collected in Ottawa, Canada is used to provide a full year energy use context for the analyses. The demands placed on the battery are examined to assess the suitability of the battery size and performance, as well as control related functionalities which reveal significantly varying battery use, and led to a quantitative expression for equivalent cycles. The energy use simulations are derived from electrochemical fundamentals adapted for a larger battery pack. Simulation output provides the basis for techno-economic commentary on how to assess large-scale Li-ion batteries for effective electrical storage purposes in MCG systems, and the impact of the nature of the control strategy on the battery service life.
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AffiliationNational Research Council Canada; Construction
Peer reviewedYes
NPARC number21275699
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Record identifier335757a7-0433-4ebd-af23-9ffa0aac82f2
Record created2015-07-14
Record modified2017-04-05
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