X-ray observations of the supernova remnant CTB 87 (G74.9+1.2): an evolved pulsar wind nebula

  1. Get@NRC: X-ray observations of the supernova remnant CTB 87 (G74.9+1.2): an evolved pulsar wind nebula (Opens in a new window)
DOIResolve DOI: http://doi.org/10.1088/0004-637X/774/1/33
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Journal titleThe Astrophysical Journal
Article number33
AbstractPulsar wind nebulae (PWNe) studies with the Chandra X-Ray Observatory have opened a new window to address the physics of pulsar winds, zoom on their interaction with their hosting supernova remnant (SNR) and interstellar medium, and identify their powering engines. We here present a new 70 ks, plus an archived 18 ks, Chandra ACIS observation of the SNR CTB 87 (G74.9+1.2), classified as a PWN with unusual radio properties and poorly studied in X-rays. We find that the peak of the X-ray emission is clearly offset from the peak of the radio emission by ∼100″ and located at the southeastern edge of the radio nebula. We detect a point source - the putative pulsar - at the peak of the X-ray emission and study its spectrum separately from the PWN. This new point source, CXOU J201609.2+371110, is surrounded by a compact nebula displaying a torus-like structure and possibly a jet. A more extended diffuse nebula is offset from the radio nebula, extending from the point source to the northwest for ∼250″. The spectra of the point source, compact nebula, and extended diffuse nebula are all well described by a power-law model with a photon index of 1.1 (0.7-1.6), 1.2 (0.9-1.4), and 1.7 (1.5-1.8), respectively, for a column density NH=1.38(1.21-1.57)×10²² cm⁻² (90% confidence). The total X-ray luminosity of the source is ∼1.6 × 10³⁴ erg s⁻¹ at an assumed distance of 6.1 kpc, with ∼2% and 6% contribution from the point source and compact nebula, respectively. The observed properties suggest that CTB 87 is an evolved (∼5-28 kyr) PWN, with the extended radio emission likely a "relic" PWN, as in Vela-X and G327.1-1.1. To date, however, there is no evidence for thermal X-ray emission from this SNR, and the SNR shell is still missing, suggesting expansion into a low-density medium ( n0<0.2D[sub 6.1][super -1/2] cm⁻³), likely caused by a stellar wind bubble blown by the progenitor star.
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AffiliationNational Science Infrastructure; National Research Council Canada
Peer reviewedYes
NPARC number21270376
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Record identifier2fc305ca-4af5-4c9d-afbd-a63fa9e82331
Record created2014-02-05
Record modified2016-07-18
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