Determination of lignin in cereal straws

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Journal titleCanadian Journal of Research
Pages915923; # of pages: 9
AbstractDetermination of lignin in wheat, oat, barley, and rye straw with 64%, 68%, 72%, 76%, and 80% (wt.) sulphuric acid showed that a minimum yield of lignin containing a maximum amount of methoxyl was obtained with the 72% sulphuric acid. In this respect, cereal straws differ from deciduous woods for which 72% sulphuric acid lignin determinations are unsuitable. Comparison of lignin determinations made with 72% sulphuric acid and with 42% fuming hydrochloric acid, on the same straws, after pretreatment with 1.0% hydrochloric acid, showed that the former method preserves a larger proportion of the methoxyl groups. Both methods recovered more total lignin methoxyl from untreated than from treated straws, with the sulphuric acid retaining the larger amount. It is concluded that lignin determination with 72% sulphuric acid on straws untreated with dilute acid yields a residue most representative of the 'true' lignin content, based on the criterion of maximum methoxyl recovery.
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AffiliationNational Research Council Canada
Peer reviewedYes
NRC number2036
NPARC number21274486
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Record identifier24fa7d7d-daef-45f2-b249-5649c04127d5
Record created2015-03-16
Record modified2016-05-09
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