Building use studies to solve building regulation problems: some Canadian examples

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Pages2629; # of pages: 4
Subjectuse of premises; building codes; human activities; safety measures; Codes & guides; utilisation des lieux; code du batiment; activite humaine; mesure de securite
AbstractThis paper describes some Canadian studies of the use of buildings that were undertaken because of information needs in the preparation of codes and standards dealing with health and safety, including fire safety. Results provided information which is useful in rationalizing the design and operation of buildings. One major study included detailed observations of the movement of building occupants and the mechanism controlling this movement in normal and simulated fire-emergency conditions. Particular types of human activity in buildings were studied, as well as key occupancy characteristics, such as the distribution of people in automobile parking garages and enclosed shopping plazas. These data are used in conjunction with information provided by studies of frequency and duration of use to determine requirements for exits and sanitary facilities. Another complementary aspect of these studies concerns the problems encountered by certain building users, movement of people in wheelchairs and emergency egress via stretcher being two examples. Some implications of such studies for building design, operation and regulation are discussed.
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AffiliationNRC Institute for Research in Construction; National Research Council Canada
Peer reviewedNo
NRC number14745
NPARC number20374997
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Record identifier20e0707b-15b1-4bdf-a2b2-ed23adc01a23
Record created2012-07-23
Record modified2016-05-09
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