Large scale hull loading of first-year sea ice

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TypeTechnical Report
Series titleINSROP Working Paper
AbstractFor Phase 2 of INSROP Project I.1.7, Large Scale Hull Loading of First-Year Sea Ice, a series of tests in first-year brackish ice were carried out Tuktoyaktuk in the Canadian Arctic to simulate ice loading on a ship hull. Loading was generated by hydraulic actuators impressing a rigid indentor against an ice edge. A finite element analysis of the test geometry was carried out to assess the deformation and stress distributions in the ice edge for cases with both undamaged and varying degrees of damage. The calculated and measured stiffness of the ice edge agreed for a realistic selection of elastic modulus of the parent ice and damaged ice. The field results showed that, for higher loading rates, damaging the ice reduced the failure stress from 5.5 MPa to an average of 3.5 MPa, however this results was not conclusive. Review of these results and those of other field tests, including our Phase 1 tests, showed that the nature of the ice loading, depending on whether it was uniform pressure of uniform deformation, significantly affected the results. Failure stress for uniform pressure tests did not have an dependence on area or aspect ratio. The measured filed results gave average ice pressures less than those recommended by the Arctic Pollution Prevention Regulations. Crack information and movement were studied using high speed video, and the velocity of the cracks was found to be of the order of 10 m/s.
Publication date
PublisherNational Research Council Canada. Institute for Marine Dynamics
AffiliationNRC Institute for Ocean Technology; National Research Council Canada
Peer reviewedNo
NRC number5774
NPARC number8895123
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Record identifier1186770d-1930-4989-a26e-0b3a707a8fc6
Record created2009-04-22
Record modified2016-10-03
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